Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder Joint
Is characterized by gradual loss of articular cartilage, leading to pain and loss of function. While these changes are mostly degenerative in nature, underlying causes may occasionally also include fractures, or rheumatic diseases.
Conservative options include pain medication, physiotherapy, and hyaluronate injections. If these measures fail, joint replacement should be considered. Partial, total, and inverse implants are available, the choice depending on the state of the glenoid, humerus, and surrounding soft tissues.